Alesia – Wo Caesar den Vercingetorix vernichtete. Auch wenn im "Asterix"-Universum Alesia vergessen ist: Das Schlachtfeld, auf dem Gallien. in Rom) war kurz vorher von den meisten gallischen Stämmen im Oppidum. Venez visiter le Centre d'interprétation, les vestiges gallo-romains et la statue de Vercingétorix! Le tout au MuséoParc Alésia.
Kampf um Gallien: Alesia – Wo Caesar den Vercingetorix vernichteteCaesar zieht in der Schlacht um Alesia alle Register. Vercingetorix' Truppen sollen mit Erdwällen und Todesstreifen aufgehalten werden, die den römischen. Nachdem Vercingetorix den Aufstand der Gallierstämme gegen die römischen ein Interpretationszentrum gehört, das der Belagerung von Alesia gewidmet ist. Sie endete mit einer Niederlage für die gallischen Truppen in Alesia. Vercingetorix wurde im Triumphzug Cäsars nach Rom geführt und sechs Jahre später, v.
Vercingetorix Alesia Menu de navigation VideoTragic Moments in History - The Abandoned Citizens of Alesia
Vercingetorix zog sich, nachdem er Nachricht davon erhalten hatte, nach Alesia zurück. Wenig später ergab er sich in der Hoffnung, dass Caesar ihn und sein Volk nicht in die Sklaverei verkaufen werde.
Beginnend in den er-Jahren mit Kaiser Napoleon III. Terrain, Aufstellung und Schlachtverlauf sprächen für gleich starke Armeen, keinesfalls für eine numerische Überlegenheit der Gallier.
Auch habe die Schlachtordnung der Gallier bei Cäsars Zahlen und dem Terrain über Mann tief gewesen sein müssen, was eine militärische Absurdität gewesen wäre.
Es handelt sich dabei um keinen Einzelfall. Cäsar hatte allgemein die Neigung, bei der Stärke gegnerischer Truppen zu übertreiben. Der gallische Widerstand unter Vercingetorix, der in der Niederlage bei Alesia endete, wurde vor allem im Jahrhundert ein nationaler Mythos in Frankreich, vergleichbar der Heroisierung des Arminius in Deutschland.
Schlacht bei Alesia. Caesar directed his troops to erect a series of extensive fortifications, including two walls encircling the city, to keep the defenders in and potential reinforcements out.
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Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. He adopted a policy of retreating to natural fortifications , and undertook an early example of a scorched earth strategy by burning towns to prevent the Roman legions from living off the land.
Vercingetorix scorched much of the land marching north with his army from Gergovia in an attempt to deprive Caesar of the resources and safe haven of the towns and villages along Caesar's march south.
However, the capital of the Bituriges , Avaricum near modern-day Bourges , a Gallic settlement directly in Caesar's path, was spared.
Due to the town's strong protests, naturally defensible terrain, and apparently strong man-made reinforcing defenses, Vercingetorix decided against razing and burning it.
Leaving the town to its fate, Vercingetorix camped well outside of Avaricum and focused on conducting harassing engagements of the advancing Roman units led by Caesar and his chief lieutenant Titus Labienus.
Upon reaching Avaricum, however, the Romans laid siege and eventually captured the capital. Afterwards, in a reprisal for 25 days of hunger and of laboring over the siegeworks required to breach Avaricum's defenses, the Romans slaughtered nearly the entire population, some 40, people, leaving only about alive.
The next major battle was at Gergovia , capital city of the Arverni. During the battle, Vercingetorix and his warriors crushed Caesar's legions and allies, inflicting heavy losses.
Vercingetorix then decided to follow Caesar but suffered heavy losses as did the Romans and their allies during a cavalry battle and he retreated and moved to another stronghold, Alesia.
In the Battle of Alesia in September 52 BC, Caesar built a fortification around the city to besiege it. However, Vercingetorix had summoned his Gallic allies to attack the besieging Romans.
These forces included an army of Arverni led by Vercingetorix's cousin Vercassivellaunos and an army of 10, Lemovices led by Sedullos.
With the Roman circumvallation surrounded by the rest of Gaul, Caesar built another outward-facing fortification a contravallation against the expected relief armies, resulting in a doughnut-shaped fortification.
The Gallic relief came in insufficient numbers: estimates range from 80, to , soldiers. Vercingetorix, the tactical leader, was cut off from them on the inside, and without his guidance the attacks were initially unsuccessful.
However, the attacks did reveal a weak point in the fortifications and the combined forces on the inside and the outside almost made a breakthrough.
Vidal et C. G , LVII, Livre VII, chap. Espenak et J. Meeus, Five millenium canon of lunar eclipses , Mise en perspective et analyse sociale, anthropologique et politique de la guerre des Gaules.
Publication scientifique des fouilles d'Alise. More civil wars followed his assassination. The last one was a conflict between Octavian later known as Augustus and Marc Antony over who would be the sole ruler of Rome, which Octavius won.
This led to the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of rule by emperors. Vercingetorix was taken prisoner and held as a captive in Rome for the next five years awaiting Caesar's triumph which was delayed by the Civil War.
As was traditional for such captured enemy leaders, he was paraded in the triumph, then taken to the Tullianum and ritually garrotted. The Gallic Wars lack a clear end date.
The legions continued to be active in Gaul through 50 BC, when Aulus Hirtius took over the writing of Caesar's reports on the war. The campaigns may well have continued, if not for the impending Roman civil war.
The legions in Gaul were eventually pulled out in 50 BC as the civil war drew near, for Caesar would need them to defeat his enemies in Rome.
The Gauls had not been entirely subjugated, and were not yet a formal part of the empire. But that task was not Caesar's, and he left that to his successors.
Gaul would not formally be made into Roman provinces until the reign of Augustus in 27 BC, and there may have been unrest in the region as late as 70 AD.
Paul K. Davis writes that "Caesar's victory over the combined Gallic forces established Roman dominance in Gaul for the next years.
Caesar's victory also created a rivalry with the Roman government, leading to his invasion of the Italian peninsula. For many years, the actual location of the battle was unknown.
Emperor Napoleon III of France supported the latter candidate, and, during the s, funded archaeological research that uncovered the evidence to support the existence of Roman camps in the area.
He then dedicated a statue to Vercingetorix in the recently discovered ruins. Uncertainty has nevertheless persisted, with questions being raised about the validity of Alise-Sainte-Reine's claim.
For example, the site is said to be too small to accommodate even revised estimates of 80, men with the Gallic infantry, along with cavalry and additional personnel.
It is also alleged that the topography of the area does not fit with Caesar's description. Berthier proposed that the location of the battle was at Chaux-des-Crotenay at the gate of the Jura mountains — a place that better suits the descriptions in Caesar's Gallic Wars.
Roman fortifications have been found at this site. Danielle Porte, a Sorbonne professor, continues to challenge the identification of Alise-Sainte-Reine as the battle site, but the director of the Alesia museum, Laurent de Froberville, maintains that scientific evidence supports this identification.
Classical historian and archaeologist Colin Wells took the view that the excavations at Alise-Sainte-Reine in the s should have removed all possible doubt about the site and regarded some of the advocacy of alternative locations as " Precise figures for the size of the armies involved, and the number of casualties suffered, are difficult to know.
Such figures have always been a powerful propaganda weapon, and are thus suspect. Caesar, in his De Bello Gallico , refers to a Gallic relief force of a quarter of a million, probably an exaggeration to enhance his victory.
Unfortunately, the only records of the events are Roman and therefore presumably biased. Modern historians usually believe that a number between fifty thousand and one hundred thousand men is more credible.
Only the Arverni and Aedui prisoners kept their freedom thanks to their valour. The relief force probably suffered heavy losses, like many other armies who lost battle order and retreated under the weapons of the Roman cavalry.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Battle in which Rome secured its conquest of Gaul. Alise-Sainte-Reine , France. Gallic Wars. Magetobriga 63 BC Arar 58 BC Bibracte 58 BC Vosges 58 BC Axona 57 BC Sabis 57 BC Atuatuci 57 BC Octodurus 57—56 BC Britain BC Ambiorix's revolt 54—53 BC Avaricum 52 BC Gergovia 52 BC Lutetia 52 BC Alesia 52 BC Uxellodunum 51 BC.
New York. The making of the roman army. University of Oklahoma. Retrieved 10 December Retrieved 21 June Archived from the original on July 20, Retrieved May 9, Osprey Publishing.
Caesar: Life of a Colossus. Yale University Press. BBC News. Retrieved 22 August Journal of Roman Archaeology : —Vercingétorix – Alésia retrouvée. Fils de Celtill, né à Gergovie, capitale des Arvernes. Son nom signifiait: «Grand roi des guerriers» (ver = préfixe superlatif, correspondant au latin super, cingéto = guerrier, rix = roi). Il suivit l’enseignement des druides et entra peu de temps au service de César, comme officier. Vercingetorix (pron. latină [werkiŋˈɡetoriːks], c. 82 î.Hr. – 46 î.Hr.) a fost căpetenia tribului arvernilor, care a unit pe galii începând o revoltă nereușită împotriva stăpânirii romane în Galia în cursul ultimului stadiu al Războaielor Galice lui Iulius Cezar.. Vercingetorix a ajuns să conducă pe arvernii în 52 î.Hr. când a adunat o armată și a fost proclamat. Die Schlacht um Alesia war die Entscheidungsschlacht im Spätsommer 52 v. Chr. zwischen dem römischen Feldherrn Gaius Iulius Caesar und den Galliern unter Führung des Vercingetorix. Sieger der Auseinandersetzung war Caesar, der damit die römische. Caesar verfolgte den fliehenden Vercingetorix und schloss ihn durch umfangreiche Belagerungswerke in Alesia ein. Vercingetorix befehligte etwa und. in Rom) war kurz vorher von den meisten gallischen Stämmen im Oppidum. Venez visiter le Centre d'interprétation, les vestiges gallo-romains et la statue de Vercingétorix! Le tout au MuséoParc Alésia. Osprey Publishing. Roman fortifications have been found at this site. Though defeated, the revolt had led to an Hans Sigl Kinder in nationalism among the Gauls and the realization that the tribes must unite if they wished to defeat the Romans. This was a decisive battle in the creation of the Roman Empire.
Daher wissen wir, sagte GdP-Landesvorsitzender Vercingetorix Alesia Plickert. - Ihre UrlaubsplanungCaesar motivierte durch Voll Auf Die Nuss Auftreten auf dem Schlachtfeld die römischen Legionen, nahm vier Kohorten und führte sie in den Kampf.