In der Türkei gibt es seit Wochen schwere Proteste. Auslöser war die Ernennung eines Universitätsdirektors. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan poltert. Das demonstrierte das Land unter Präsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan zuletzt eindrucksvoll im Kaukasus. ARTIKEL WIRD GELADEN. Dass Staatspräsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan dieses Szenario um die sich allgemein gegen den Kurs von Erdogans Regierung wendete.
Recep Tayyip ErdoğanRecep Tayyip Erdogan im Portrait. ▷ Hier erhalten Sie aktuelle Nachrichten und Videos zur Politik des zwölften Präsidenten der Türkei. Dass Staatspräsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan dieses Szenario um die sich allgemein gegen den Kurs von Erdogans Regierung wendete. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan ist ein türkischer Politiker und seit dem August der zwölfte Präsident der Republik Türkei. Von 19war er Oberbürgermeister von Istanbul. Im Jahr war er für vier Monate inhaftiert. Von bis
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Nostromo den Sonderangeboten konzentrieren wir uns Erdogan eine Vielzahl von Shops. - InhaltsverzeichnisAber jetzt muss alles anders sein. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan ist ein türkischer Politiker und seit dem August der zwölfte Präsident der Republik Türkei. Von 19war er Oberbürgermeister von Istanbul. Im Jahr war er für vier Monate inhaftiert. Von bis In der Türkei gibt es seit Wochen schwere Proteste. Auslöser war die Ernennung eines Universitätsdirektors. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan poltert. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Zum Anhören bitte klicken! Abspielen [ɾɛˈd͡ʒɛp taˈjip ɛɾdoˈan] (* Februar in Istanbul) ist ein türkischer Politiker (AKP). Das demonstrierte das Land unter Präsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan zuletzt eindrucksvoll im Kaukasus. ARTIKEL WIRD GELADEN. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced student protesters as “terrorists" and vowed to crackdown on demonstrations opposing the appointment of a government loyalist to head Istanbul’s most prestigious university. Students and faculty members of Bogazici University have spent weeks protesting Erdogan’s Jan. 1 appointment of Melih Bulu, an academic who once ran for parliament. Fiatalkora. Erdoğan Isztambulban született, gyermekkorát azonban Rizében töltötte, a Fekete-tenger partján. 13 éves volt, mikor családjával visszaköltözött szülővárosába. Alapfokú tanulmányait egy úgynevezett Imam Hatip iskolában végezte (melynek feladata Atatürk reformjai előtt imámok képzése volt, de később is megtartotta vallásos jellegét), a Marmara Egyetemen. Erdogan ha dichiarato di essere contrario all'elevato e crescente tasso della nascita per cesareo della Turchia, perché crede che riduca la fertilità delle donne turche ed è favorevole a limitare il numero di tali nascite negli ospedali turchi. See also: Kurdish—Turkish peace process. World Health Organization. Retrieved 8 March GreyS Anatomy Burning Series June the AKP failed to win a parliamentary majority for the first time since its formation, receiving just 41 percent of the vote.
In a video broadcast to members of his conservative AK Party on Monday, the Turkish president said: "We will carry our young people to the future, not as the LGBT youth, but as the youth that existed in our nation's glorious past.
On the contrary, you are the ones who repair broken hearts. In a speech in July last year, Mr Erdogan accused LGBT activists of undermining "our national and spiritual values" and "poisoning" young people.
His latest statement follows weeks of protests at Bogazici University over the appointment of Prof Melih Bulu as rector. Activists say he has close links to AK, an Islamist-rooted party.
On Friday, protesters hung an artwork opposite the new rector's office depicting the Kaaba in Mecca, one of Islam's holiest sites, and images of the LGBT rainbow flag.
The students arrested on Saturday were accused of "inciting hatred". In a tweet posted on Tuesday, Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu called the four suspects "LGBT deviants".
He was later stripped of his position, banned from political office, and imprisoned for four months for inciting religious hatred, due to his recitation of a poem by Ziya Gökalp.
He also won two successful constitutional referendums in and However, his government remained controversial for its close links with Fethullah Gülen and his Gülen Movement since designated as a terrorist organisation by the Turkish state with whom the AKP was accused of orchestrating purges against secular bureaucrats and military officers through the Balyoz and Ergenekon trials.
The ceasefire broke down in , leading to a renewed escalation in conflict. The government claimed that the coup leaders were linked to Gülen, but he has denied any role in it.
He has since been tackling, but also accused of contributing to, the Turkish currency and debt crisis of , which has caused a significant decline in his popularity   and is widely believed to have contributed to the results of the local elections , in which the ruling party lost control of Ankara and Istanbul for the first time in 15 years.
Throughout his life he often returned to this spiritual home, and in he opened a vast mosque on a mountaintop near this village.
He sold bottles of water to drivers stuck in traffic. In , Erdogan was diagnosed with colon cancer , for which he underwent treatment and surgery.
The same educational path was followed by other co-founders of the AKP party. He won first place in a poetry-reading competition organized by the Community of Turkish Technical Painters, and began preparing for speeches through reading and research.
Mülkiye was known for its political science department, which trained many statesmen and politicians in Turkey.
According to his official biography, he subsequently studied Business Administration at the Aksaray School of Economics and Commercial Sciences Turkish : Aksaray İktisat ve Ticaret Yüksekokulu , now known as Marmara University 's Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences.
Holding this position until , he served as consultant and senior executive in the private sector during the era following the military coup when political parties were closed down.
He was elected to parliament in , but was barred from taking his seat. He was pragmatic in office, tackling many chronic problems in Istanbul including water shortage , pollution and traffic chaos.
The water shortage problem was solved with the laying of hundreds of kilometers of new pipelines. The garbage problem was solved with the establishment of state-of-the-art recycling facilities.
He changed the public buses to environmentally friendly ones. The city's traffic and transportation jams were reduced with more than fifty bridges, viaducts, and highways built.
He took precautions to prevent corruption, using measures to ensure that municipal funds were used prudently.
He paid back a major portion of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality 's two billion dollar debt and invested four billion dollars in the city.
In , the fundamentalist Welfare Party was declared unconstitutional on the grounds of threatening the secularism of Turkey and was shut down by the Turkish constitutional court.
The conviction also stipulated a political ban, which prevented him from participating in parliamentary elections. Within his Virtue Party , there was a dispute about the appropriate discourse of the party between traditional politicians and pro-reform politicians.
The latter envisioned a party that could operate within the limits of the system, and thus not getting banned as its predecessors like National Order Party , National Salvation Party and Welfare Party.
They wanted to give the group the character of an ordinary conservative party following the example of the European Christian democratic parties.
The pro-reform politicians realized that a strictly Islamic party would never be accepted as a governing party by the state apparatus and they believed that an Islamic party did not appeal to more than about 20 percent of the Turkish electorate.
All parties previously elected to parliament failed to win enough votes to re-enter the parliament. The AKP won The second largest party, the CHP, received The AKP won a landslide victory in the parliament, taking nearly two-thirds of the seats.
Gül became the Prime Minister instead. In December , the Supreme Election Board canceled the general election results from Siirt due to voting irregularities and scheduled a new election for 9 February The stage of the elections of was set for a fight for legitimacy in the eyes of voters between his government and the CHP.
On 22 July , the AKP won an important victory over the opposition, garnering The second party, the Republican People's Party CHP , received seats After the opposition parties deadlocked the presidential election by boycotting the parliament, the ruling AKP proposed a constitutional reform package.
The reform package was first vetoed by president Sezer. Then he applied to the Turkish constitutional court about the reform package, because the president is unable to veto amendments for the second time.
The Turkish constitutional court did not find any problems in the packet and Reforming the Constitution was one of the main pledges of the AKP during the election campaign.
The reform package included a number of issues such as the right of individuals to appeal to the highest court, the creation of the ombudsman 's office, the possibility to negotiate a nationwide labour contract, gender equality, the ability of civilian courts to convict members of the military, the right of civil servants to go on strike, a privacy law, and the structure of the Constitutional Court.
The government's plan, supported by the European Union , intended to allow the Kurdish language to be used in all broadcast media and political campaigns, and restored Kurdish names to cities and towns that had been given Turkish ones.
He added: "This issue cannot be considered at historical level with Turks, who themselves politicized the problem". We did not commit a crime, therefore we do not need to apologise It will not have any benefit other than stirring up trouble, disturbing our peace and undoing the steps which have been taken".
However, the former mayor of Kars who approved the original construction of the monument said the municipality was destroying not just a "monument to humanity" but "humanity itself".
The demolition was not unopposed; among its detractors were several Turkish artists. Two of them, the painter Bedri Baykam and his associate, Pyramid Art Gallery general coordinator Tugba Kurtulmus, were stabbed after a meeting with other artists at the Istanbul Akatlar cultural center.
The statement described the mass killings as the two nations' shared pain and said: "Having experienced events which had inhumane consequences — such as relocation — during the First World War, it should not prevent Turks and Armenians from establishing compassion and mutually humane attitudes among one another".
Pope Francis in April , at a special mass in St. Peter's Basilica marking the centenary of the events, described atrocities against Armenian civilians in — as "the first genocide of the 20th century".
US President Barack Obama called for a "full, frank and just acknowledgement of the facts", but again stopped short of labelling it "genocide", despite his campaign promise to do so.
However, after Turkey's bid to join the European Union stalled, European officials noted a return to more authoritarian ways,  notably on freedom of speech ,    freedom of the press    and Kurdish minority rights.
The growth in real GDP between and was higher than the values from developed countries, but was close to average when developing countries are also taken into account.
The ranking of the Turkish economy in terms of GDP moved slightly from 17 to 16 during this decade. Since , Turkey has signed 19 IMF loan accords.
He decided not to sign a new deal. Turkey's debt to the IMF was thus declared to be completely paid and he announced that the IMF could borrow from Turkey.
In , Turkey had a lower ratio of public debt to GDP than 21 of 27 members of the European Union and a lower budget deficit to GDP ratio than 23 of them.
The law greatly expanded the rights of employees, establishing a hour workweek and limiting overtime work to hours a year, provided legal protection against discrimination due to sex, religion, or political affiliation, prohibited discrimination between permanent and temporary workers, entitled employees terminated without "valid cause" to compensation, and mandated written contracts for employment arrangements lasting a year or more.
Compulsory education was increased from eight years to twelve. The goal of this campaign was to close the gender gap in primary school enrollment through the provision of a quality basic education for all girls, especially in southeast Turkey.
In , the parliament granted amnesty to students expelled from universities before The amnesty applied to students dismissed on academic or disciplinary grounds.
From then on the teaching will be postponed and start at undergraduate level. Due to these measures, the number of motor accidents fell by 50 percent.
The construction of Marmaray , an undersea rail tunnel under the Bosphorus strait , started in It was inaugurated on the 90th anniversary of the Turkish Republic 29 October In March , the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors HSYK held a press conference to publicly protest the obstruction of the appointment of judges to the high courts for over 10 months.
Prosecutors investigated his earlier comments, including saying it had fired a "bullet at democracy". The Turkish military has had a record of intervening in politics, having removed elected governments four times in the past.
The most significant issue that caused deep fissures between the army and the government was the midnight e-memorandum posted on the military's website objecting to the selection of Foreign Minister Abdullah Gül as the ruling party's candidate for the Presidency in The military argued that the election of Gül, whose wife wears an Islamic headscarf, could undermine the laicistic order of the country.
Contrary to expectations, the government responded harshly to former Chief of General Staff Gen. Its introduction coincided with the period of sustained economic growth, allowing the Turkish government to put greater investments into the healthcare system.
As part of the reforms, the "Green Card" program, which provides health benefits to the poor, was expanded in Turkey's three social security bodies were united under one roof, bringing equal health services and retirement benefits for members of all three bodies.
The previous system had been criticized for reserving the best healthcare for civil servants and relegating others to wait in long queues.
Under the second bill, everyone under the age of 18 years was entitled to free health services, irrespective of whether they pay premiums to any social security organization.
The bill also envisages a gradual increase in the retirement age: starting from , the retirement age will increase to 65 by for both women and men.
In January , the Turkish Parliament adopted a law to prohibit smoking in most public places. The initiative seeks to galvanize international action against extremism through the forging of international, intercultural and inter-religious dialogue and cooperation.
On 3 October negotiations began for Turkey's accession to the European Union. He said in a comment that "Turkey's accession shows that Europe is a continent where civilisations reconcile and not clash.
Negotiations about a possible EU membership came to a standstill in and , when Turkish ports were closed to Cypriot ships. The Turkish government continues its refusal to recognize EU member state Cyprus.
The Turkish-Armenian border has been closed since because of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Turkey's close ally Azerbaijan. Diplomatic efforts resulted in the signing of protocols between Turkish and Armenian Foreign Ministers in Switzerland to improve relations between the two countries.
One of the points of the agreement was the creation of a joint commission on the issue. The Armenian Constitutional Court decided that the commission contradicts the Armenian constitution.
Turkey responded saying that Armenian court's ruling on the protocols is not acceptable, resulting in a suspension of the rectification process by the Turkish side.
When asked by a student at a literature contest ceremony if Armenians will be able to get back their "western territories" along with Mt.
Ararat, Sarksyan said, "This is the task of your generation". Armenians make themselves attach to the Eastern part of Turkey in terms of historical and cultural way as ignoring all the other nations living in the region.
In December , President Putin visited Turkey, making it the first presidential visit in the history of Turkish-Russian relations besides that of the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR , Nikolai Podgorny in In November , Putin attended the inauguration of a jointly constructed Blue Stream natural gas pipeline in Turkey.
This sequence of top-level visits has brought several important bilateral issues to the forefront. The two countries consider it their strategic goal to achieve "multidimensional co-operation", especially in the fields of energy, transport and the military.
Specifically, Russia aims to invest in Turkey's fuel and energy industries, and it also expects to participate in tenders for the modernisation of Turkey's military.
We can confidently say that Russian-Turkish relations have advanced to the level of a multidimensional strategic partnership". In May , Turkey and Russia signed 17 agreements to enhance cooperation in energy and other fields, including pacts to build Turkey's first nuclear power plant and further plans for an oil pipeline from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.
The leaders of both countries also signed an agreement on visa-free travel, enabling tourists to get into the country for free and stay there for up to 30 days.
When Barack Obama became President of United States , he made his first overseas bilateral meeting to Turkey in April At a joint news conference in Turkey, Obama said: "I'm trying to make a statement about the importance of Turkey, not just to the United States but to the world.
I think that where there's the most promise of building stronger U. S-led coalition's invasion of Iraq, along with the permission for foreign troops to be stationed in Turkey for this purpose, was overruled by the Turkish Parliament.
After the fall of Saddam Hussein , Iraq and Turkey signed 48 trade agreements on issues including security, energy, and water.
The Turkish government attempted to mend relations with Iraqi Kurdistan by opening a Turkish university in Erbil , and a Turkish consulate in Mosul.
Their relationship worsened at the World Economic Forum conference over Israel's actions during the Gaza War. Maybe you are feeling guilty and that is why you are raising your voice.
When it comes to killing you know it too well. I remember how you killed the children on beaches Tensions increased further following the Gaza flotilla raid in May He said "everyone should know" that his comments were directed at "Israeli policies", especially as regards to "Gaza and the settlements.
In , President Bashar al-Assad arrived in Turkey for the first official visit by a Syrian President in 57 years. Visa restrictions between the two countries were lifted in , which caused an economic boom in the regions near the Syrian border.
In August , King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz as-Saud made a visit to Turkey. This was the first visit by a Saudi monarch to Turkey in the last four decades.
The monarch made a second visit, on 9 November CNN reported some Egyptians saying "We consider him as the Islamic leader in the Middle East", while others were appreciative of his role in supporting Gaza.
In May , the Turkish and Somali governments signed a military training agreement, in keeping with the provisions outlined in the Djibouti Peace Process.
After weeks of clashes in the streets of Istanbul , his government at first apologized to the protestors  and called for a plebiscite , but then ordered a crackdown on the protesters.
When asked about his lower-than-expected The logo was criticised because it was very similar to the logo that U. President Barack Obama used in the presidential election.
The Turkish presidential election took place as part of the general election , alongside parliamentary elections on the same day.
Following the approval of constitutional changes in a referendum held in , the elected President will be both the head of state and head of government of Turkey , taking over the latter role from the to-be-abolished office of the Prime Minister.
In April , a constitutional referendum was held, where the voters in Turkey and Turkish citizens abroad voted on a set of 18 proposed amendments to the Constitution of Turkey.
The amendments include the replacement of the existing parliamentary system with a presidential system. The post of Prime Minister would be abolished, and the presidency would become an executive post vested with broad executive powers.
The parliament seats would be increased from to and the age of candidacy to the parliament was lowered from 25 to The referendum also called for changes to the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors.
In the local elections , the ruling party AKP lost control of Istanbul and Ankara for the first time in 25 years, as well as 5 of Turkey's 6 largest cities.
Ak Saray was originally designed as a new office for the Prime Minister. However, after most invited participants announced that they would boycott the event and a mining accident occurred in the district of Ermenek in Karaman , the reception was cancelled.
The latest newspaper that has been seized is Zaman , in March Guns and violence will become the sole alternative for legally expressing free thought".
After the coup attempt, over journalists were arrested and over media outlets were closed. Cumhuriyet journalists were detained in November after a long-standing crackdown on the newspaper.
In April , Turkey blocked all access to Wikipedia over a content dispute. Through these new measures, each company would be required to appoint an official representative in the country to respond to legal concerns.
The decision comes after a number of Twitter users insulted his daughter Esra after she welcomed her fourth child.
The Turkish parliament approved this measure. This blocking action took place after the government had first made a request for Wikipedia to remove what it referred to as "offensive content".
In response, Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales replied via a post on Twitter stating, "Access to information is a fundamental human right.
Turkish people, I will always stand with you and fight for this right. He called for action by institutions and universities, stating, "Everyone who benefits from this state but is now an enemy of the state must be punished without further delay".
Although all were quickly released, nearly half were fired from their jobs, eliciting a denunciation from Turkey's Science Academy for such "wrong and disturbing" treatment.
Of those removed, were police officers with from the armed forces with the addition of hundreds of academics.
So how will you deal with refugees if you don't get a deal? In an interview to the news magazine Der Spiegel , the German minister of defence Ursula von der Leyen said on Friday, 11 March , that the refugee crisis had made good cooperation between EU and Turkey an "existentially important" issue.
Ankara withdrew its envoy to Israel in over deadly attacks on the Palestinians in besieged Gaza. Turkish president hits out at his French counterpart, renewing a war of words between the two leaders.
Detentions part of the latest operation against suspected backers of US-based preacher accused of a failed coup.
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Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Ahmet Necdet Sezer Abdullah Gül. Nurettin Sözen. Ali Müfit Gürtuna. Lo stesso argomento in dettaglio: Incidente della Freedom Flotilla.
Lo stesso argomento in dettaglio: Proteste in Turchia del Lo stesso argomento in dettaglio: Colpo di Stato in Turchia del Cavaliere di I Classe dell'Ordine del Pakistan Pakistan.
Ordine del Vello d'Oro Georgia. Medaglia d'oro dell'indipendenza Kosovo. Gran Cordone dell'Ordine "Danaker" Kirghizistan.
Gran Cordone dell'Ordine dell'Aquila d'Oro Kazakistan. Cavaliere di Gran Croce dell'Ordine Nazionale del Niger Niger. Cavaliere dell'Ordine di Heydar Aliyev Azerbaigian.
Gran Cordone dell'Ordine della stella di Somalia Somalia. Gran Cordone dell'Ordine di Bandiera nazionale Albania.
Gran Cordone dell'Ordine di Leopoldo Belgio. Cavaliere di Gran Croce dell'Ordine al Merito Ivoriano Costa d'Avorio.Agence Presse France. Arab News. The bill also envisages a gradual increase in the Erdogan age: starting fromthe retirement age will increase to 65 by for both women and men. Revelations that the state was supplying arms to militant groups in Syria in the National Intelligence Organisation lorry scandal led to accusations of high Eine Prinzessin Verliebt Sich. Published 20 May Peter's Basilica marking the centenary of the events, described atrocities against Armenian civilians in Was Ist Glücklich Sein as "the first genocide of the 20th century". We did not God Of Thunder Thor a crime, therefore we do not need to apologise He also won two successful constitutional referendums in and Help Learn Erdogan edit Community portal Recent changes Upload Ice Age 5 German Stream. After the fall of Saddam HusseinIraq and Turkey signed 48 trade agreements on issues including security, Nickelodeon Spieltag 2021, and water. In DecemberPresident Putin visited Turkey, making it the first presidential visit in the history of Turkish-Russian relations besides that of the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSRNikolai Podgorny in On Monday, a group of Bogazici students protesting about the latest arrests faced a police barricade at the entrance of the university. In: WeltN249. Bundestrainer Joachim Löw ist angeschlagen — und wehrt sich weiter gegen eine Rückkehr von Boateng, Müller oder Hummels. Eine Frau in rotem Kleid, der ein Polizist Sport 1 Text nächster Nähe Tränengas ins Gesicht sprüht, hatte während der Gezi-Proteste für die Polizeigewalt gestanden. Erdogan and other government officials drew condemnation over the security forces’ often heavy-handed handling of the demonstrations and using anti-LGBT rhetoric to decry the protests, after an artwork depicting Islam’s most holiest site with LGBT flags was displayed at the university. Erdogan reaches out to Israel – but new allies will influence Jerusalem’s response Biden win may be the straw to break Erdogan's back The third senior official who worries Erdogan is Brett McGurk, who was appointed to the National Security Council as coordinator for the Middle East and North Africa. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, (born February 26, , Rize, Turkey), Turkish politician who served as prime minister (–14) and president (–) of Turkey. Early life and political career In high school Erdoğan became known as a fiery orator in the cause of political Islam. President Erdogan denounces the LGBT movement as police arrest students demonstrating in Istanbul. The crisis comes as Mr. Erdogan is about to lose a powerful ally when President Trump leaves office next month. Turkey is already facing sanctions from the United States for purchasing a Russian.